How Do You Get ’em to do What You Want ’em to?
“How do I get ’em to do what I want ’em to?”
That’s probably the question I’m asked more than any other. Frustrated CEOs, CSO’s and sales managers express that thought over and over, in one way or another. They’re talking about their salespeople, of course. They harbor a feeling that some of their salespeople just aren’t doing what they want them to do, and they don’t know what to do about it.
If that thought occasionally passes through your mind, read on.
“What do you want them to do?” I often reply.
At this point, you’re probably thinking, “What an obvious question. We want them to sell a lot, of course.”
But that response is too vague and coarse to hold any real meaning in today’s world. A few years ago, it was OK to direct your salespeople to “Go forth and sell a lot,” but today that direction is not sufficient. Salespeople are capable of more than that. And the world in which your company operates has changed significantly in the last few years. Our economy has grown increasingly complex, many markets are maturing, the demands and expectations of your customers are growing, your customers’ choices of ways to satisfy their needs are multiplying, and information technology is growing more powerful and user friendly. All that means that you need to direct your sales force more finely than at any time in the past. Successful sales management in the 21st Century world requires a more sophisticated answer from you than just “Go forth and sell.”
I learned that lesson the hard way in my days as a sales rep. I was doing a great job selling in my largest account. That one customer accounted for about 30% of my total volume. Sales were increasing monthly, and my visibility and influence in the account was growing. If my boss wanted me to “Go forth and sell a lot,” I was doing it!
Then, one dismal Monday afternoon, I was sheepishly greeted by my primary contact person, and informed that I was to see the Director of Purchasing. The news from the director was short and to the point. The Vice President of Administration had signed a prime vendor contract with my arch-competitor. Over the next 90 days, they would be phasing out all of my business and turning it over to my competitor. All of my contact people were disappointed and not in favor of this move, but it had been negotiated by people in higher places.
The moral of the story?
I was doing a great job of “going forth and selling a lot.” But I should have been getting to know the administrative people and my contact’s bosses. If I had been directed to do that, instead of being focused on getting the easiest sales, I may have been able to ward off the end-around by the competition.
I realize that a case could be made that I should have known to do that on my own. After all, don’t good salespeople know to do those kinds of things? No. I didn’t, and I was a heavy hitter, high-income straight commission salesperson. But I was driven by a straight commission compensation program that rewarded me for gross profits in the short term, and I never thought to cover all my bases by calling on my customers’ bosses.
But that’s just one example. Here’s another. One of my clients owns a small but rapidly growing equipment distributorship. Every month his salespeople must count certain pieces of equipment in their territories. Each month he selects a piece of equipment and requires his sales force to count how many of those there are, where they are, how old they are, what brand they are, and when they are scheduled to be replaced.
He uses that information to make territory and product line forecasts, as well as a basis for developing more sophisticated joint marketing plans with his partner-vendors. I’m sure you’ll agree — that’s good information to have. But don’t the salespeople do those kinds of things on their own? Do they really need that kind of precise direction from management?
Take a little self-test. Consider each of your salespeople, one at a time. Ask yourself, “Is … (salesperson’s name) …. systematically collecting that kind of market information on his or her own?”
If your answer is a 100% “yes,” will you please write to me so that I can note your sales force as the single national exception?
Those two examples illustrate just two of hundreds of possible behaviors you could expect from your sales force. In each case, the company’s long-term strategic interests were best served by directing the sales force to behaviors that probably wouldn’t happen in the absence of that direction.
So, the first step in getting your salespeople “to do what you want ’em to,” is to decide “what you want ’em to do.”
Ideally, those things proceed directly from your strategic plan. For example, if your strategic plan says that you want to penetrate a new market segment, then you should expect your salespeople to make X calls per month on that segment, or create X new customers within that segment, or do X amount of sales with that segment, or achieve X amount of gross profit with that segment.
The first step is to develop your strategic plan, and then to create expectations for your sales force that directly supports that strategic plan.
What, you don’t have a strategic plan? That’s too bad. You are definitely at a disadvantage. But you’re not disqualified. Just start at step two and create precise expectations for your sales force. Develop a list of the three to ten most important things you want them to do.
Bringing in a certain amount of sales or gross profits should be one of them, but only one of them.
Next, make sure that your list of expectations is easily, accurately, and fairly measurable. This can be difficult. Much of your ability to manage your sales force depends on your ability to measure sales behaviors.
If you’re highly automated and use effective sales force software, it’ll be a snap. If you’re not effectively automated, it’ll be much more difficult. For example, one of my clients wanted his sales force to call on new prospects. His business was growing, and his salespeople were happy. But he was sure that there was additional market share to be had in accounts that were not being cultivated. He felt his straight commissioned salespeople were content to call on their friends and weren’t doing the harder work of calling on new prospects. He wasn’t automated and didn’t believe his veteran sales force would accurately and thoroughly complete weekly call reports.
His sales cycle (capital equipment) was long, and he didn’t want to wait until he saw actual sales numbers. Those sales could occur 12 to 18 months after the first sales call. He determined to measure his sales forces’ activity, (calling on new prospects) not the results (sales to new prospects).
We struggled with a way to easily, fairly and accurately measure the activity of calling on new prospects. As we discussed the possibilities, we realized that every customer’s name was on the database. We also noted that every quote was produced by a sales assistant in the office, who typed each quote individually for all the salespeople. Bingo! Suppose we had the sales assistant keep track of quotes made to companies not on the database?
We couldn’t measure sales calls made to prospects, but we could measure the next best thing — quotes made to new prospects. The system would be easy, accurate, and fair.
Having decided that, it was an easy step to give each salesperson a quarterly expectation for the number of “quotes made to new prospects.” Our strategic initiative, “Gain market share,” turned into a measurable expectation for each salesperson, “Generate X quotes per month to prospects not on the database.”
Let’s review: Step one, develop a strategic plan. Step two, create a set of the most important sales behaviors. Step three, fine-tune them until they are easily, fairly, and accurately measurable.
Here’s step four: Measure and reward the behavior you want. That can mean anything from publishing and posting those numbers every month, to revising your compensation formula, to making their pay dependent on performance of those activities. For example, you could measure the performance of the entire sales force each month and post it conspicuously for everyone to see. In my business, we measure five sales activities, combine the individual numbers, and post the composites for everyone to see. We post monthly totals, year to date, this year’s goals, and last year’s monthly totals, year to date, this year’s goals, and last year’s numbers.
As an alternative, you may measure and post each salesperson’s performance individually. You can report each salesperson’s performance to him/her alone and talk about it in monthly conferences.
Another technique is to make those numbers a topic for discussion at monthly sales meetings.
But if you really want to add some power, refine your sales compensation plan to make each person’s pay dependent on performance on those numbers. This is not an article on sales force compensation. That’s an entire series of articles on its own. However, it’s been my observation that most sales compensation plans do not reward the behavior that they say they want. The company’s executives say they want salespeople to do one thing, but their compensation plan rewards them for doing something else.
For example, you may be paying your salespeople straight commission based on gross profits. Yet, you may be expecting them to open new accounts, promote certain product lines, or emphasize certain accounts. When you pay them purely by commission, you reward them for the easiest, richest sales. So, your compensation plan says one thing, while you say something else. No wonder it’s frustrating.
To encourage your salespeople to do what “you want ’em to,” line your sales compensation plan up directly with your strategic plan. Directly reward those three to ten behaviors that you developed earlier. Consider a performance-based plan that pays them for implementing the company’s strategies.
Finally, step five is the single most powerful way to manage your people once you’ve done all this homework. Hold “accountability-holding, goal-setting, strategy-developing, resource-identifying” quarterly or monthly conferences with each of your salespeople.
At these tune-up conferences do these things, in this sequence:
1. Hold them accountable for doing what they said they were going to do. Simply ask, “Did you do what you said you were going to do?” “Why or Why not?” “What did you learn?” “What are you going to do differently next time?”
2. Help them set goals. Ask, “In light of the compensation plan, the company’s expectations, and your situation, what will you be trying to accomplish in the next quarter (month)?”
3. Help them create a strategy. Ask, “How are you going to do that?” Make them answer in detail and have them commit that answer to writing.
4. Finally, ask “How can I help?” and “What do you need to help you do it?” Hold these meetings regularly and you’ll see most of your sales force moving in the direction in which you want it to move.
There are some fringe benefits to this approach. First, the salespeople who are not performing to expectation will begin to clearly understand that they aren’t doing what you want, and may not be capable of it. It will be much clearer to you, and them, who needs to be replaced.
Your conversations with your sales force will take on an entirely new attitude. It will no longer be “me versus you.” You will no longer be the authority figure who doesn’t understand the salesperson and who projects arbitrary dissatisfaction to him/her. Rather, the numbers become “the authority.” Your role changes. You are now a resource and a helper, looking at the numbers with your salesperson, and asking how you can help. Managing becomes easier.
Finally, the amount of internal political maneuvering on the part of your sales force decreases dramatically. Considering the numbers, it no longer matters who “butters you up,” or who you like better than someone else. When political maneuvering wanes, your sales force is free to focus on the important issues.
This five-step process will make your life easier, increase the productivity of your sales force, and provide an ongoing solution to the problem of “getting ’em to do what you want ’em to.”
Answer “Yes” or “No” to each of the following questions.
1. Do you have a strategic plan?
2. Have you created 3 – 10 expectations for your sales force which directly support that plan?
3. Are each of those expectations easily, fairly, and accurately measured?
4. Do you systematically publish the sales force’s performance on those numbers?
5. Do you regularly make the numbers a subject of conversation at sales meetings?
6. Does your compensation plan directly reward the three to ten expectations?
7. Do you hold regular “accountability, goal setting, strategy developing, resource identifying'” quarterly or monthly conferences with each of your salespeople?
If you answered “Yes” to all the questions, you shouldn’t have read this article — you’re doing everything right. If you have some “No’s,” each of them represents an area on which to focus in order to strengthen your sales management.
About the Author
Dave Kahle is one of the world’s leading sales authorities. He’s written twelve books, presented in 47 states and eleven countries, and has helped enrich tens of thousands of sales people and transform hundreds of sales organizations. Sign up for his free weekly Ezine. His book, How to Sell Anything to Anyone Anytime, has been recognized by three international entities as “one of the five best English language business books.” Check out his latest book, The Good Book on Business.